1st Lecture (1 R 18, 20-39)

In those days, King Acab summoned all of Israel and assembled the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel. Elijah stood before the crowd and said, “How long are you going to dance for each other? If the Lord is God, follow the Lord; if it’s Baal, follow Baal. ”
And the crowd said nothing. Elijah continued: “I am the only one who remains of the prophets of the Lord, while the prophets of Baal are four hundred and fifty. Bring us two young bulls; choose one, butcher it and put it on the stake,
but don’t set it on fire. I will prepare the other bull, I will place it on the stake, but I will not set it on fire. You will call on the name of your god, and I will call on the name of the Lord: the god who will respond with fire, he is God. ”
The crowd replied, “It’s okay. ”
Elijah then said to the prophets of Baal, “Choose your bull and start, for you are the most numerous. Call on the name of your god, but do not set fire to it. They took the bull and prepared it, and called on the name of Baal from morning until midday, saying, “O Baal, answer us! But there was neither voice nor response; and they were dancing in front of the altar they had erected. In the middle of the day, Elijah laughed at them saying:

“Shout louder, since he is a god: he has worries or business, or he is traveling; he may be sleeping, but he will wake up! So they shouted louder and, according to their custom, they slashed to the blood with swords and spears. In the afternoon they engaged in prophetic trances until the time of the evening sacrifice, but there was no voice, no response, no sign.
Then Elijah said to the crowd, “Come here.” And the whole crowd approached him. He raised the altar of the Lord, which had been demolished. He took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob to whom the Lord had said, “Your name will be Israel. With these stones he erected an altar to the Lord. He dug around the altar a channel with a capacity of about thirty liters.
He arranged the wood, butchered the bull, and placed it on the stake. Then he said, “Fill four jugs with water and pour them on the victim and on the wood. And so it was done. He says, “A second time! And we started again. He said, “A third time! And we started again. Water trickled around the altar, and the channel itself was filled with water.
At the time of the evening sacrifice, Elijah the prophet came forward and said: “Lord, God of Abraham, of Isaac and of Israel, today we will know that you are God in Israel, that I am your servant, and that I have accomplished all these things at your behest. Answer me, Lord, answer me,
so that all these people know that it is you, Lord, who are God, and who have turned their hearts! Then the fire of the Lord fell, he devoured the victim and the wood, the stones and the dust,
and the water that was in the channel. All the people witnessed it; the people fell face down and said, “It is the Lord who is God! The Lord is God! “